The basic components of emotions are Anger, grief, and joy designate experience which we have all encountered in ourselves and observed in others so that it would seem unnecessary to do more than name the experience in order to communicate what we mean.
Poets, artists, and imaginative writers have used many adjectives to describe shades of emotional experience (awe, disdain, pity, hope, rapture, contempt, and suspicion are a few), the variety of descriptions testifying to the predominant role played by emotion in our daily life.
Some Examples Of The Basic Components Of Emotions Are
In patients suffering from certain mental diseases, the capacity for emotional experience may be weakened or even lost together.
These people show dramatically how dull and drab life can be without its dynamic, intensifying, and often upsetting emotional accompaniments.
Psychologists, psychiatrists and other students of human nature have attempted to go beyond verbal description to a deeper understanding of emotions.
They have tried to trace the origin and course of an emotion such as fear in a man’s behavior and to devise ways of harnessing and controlling its effects.
Why do children have temper tantrums? Can we do anything to eliminate such outbursts? What is the role of emotion in mental and physical disturbance –for example, in anxiety or indigestion?
Are emotions always disruptive, or are they sometimes useful? Can the various emotions be recognized from their physiological manifestation?
In general, emotions have been studied from three points of view:
Conscious Awareness Of Emotions
What is an emotion from the standpoint of the experiencing per-son?
Observable Behavior or Emotional expression
What cues do we use in identifying emotion in others? Are some emotions more primary than others? Are there patterns of emotional behavior?
Physiology Of Emotions
What happens to the body in emotional states? What is the role of the nervous system in emotions? All these aspects of the emotional experience have been studied experimentally; the task of the section is to outline relevant findings.
The Introspective Study Of Emotional Experience
One is seldom in a position to observe an emotion while he is undergoing it, so that of necessity introspective analysis must give way to retrospection, or recall.
Emotional has been described as stirred up states of consciousness, a description undoubtedly often accurate. The expressions up in the air, lose one’s head, out of control, go to pieces reflect the confusion often involved in emotional states.
The great psychologist William James held that the perception of one’s bodily state constitutes emotion-that emotion is the way the body feels. This is the famous James-Lange theory of emotions.
James wrote we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, flee because we tremble. Awareness of these changes is also stirred up or confused.
Emotions are not always disruptive, however. Feats of strength and endurance performed under strong emotional stress, though tales of them are often exaggerated, do happens, and slow clearly the facilitating and bolstering effect which emotion may have.
Students report that they do better on examination when excited but not unduly apprehensive. Musicians, speakers, and actors use emotion to reinforce and enliven their performance.